a. Location/size

Taiwan is in the east of China, separated by the Taiwan Strait, which is about 220km at its widest point and 130km.Taiwan is amidst a chain of islands from Japan in the north to the Philippines in the southwest. It lies on major air and sea transportation routes in the western Pacific Ocean.

The tip of Taiwan points toward Japan, stretching to about 390km in length and 140km wide at its broadest point. With the total area being almost 36,000 sq. km, Taiwan is approximately the size of Holland, and slightly smaller than the Netherlands.

b. Climate

The climate is temperate. The summer months are May to September is usually hot and humid with temperatures from 27° to 35°; winter is from December to February is normally short and mild. Higher mountain peaks are blanketed by white, silky snow and make great ski slopes for sport lovers.

The best times to visit Taiwan would be during spring (April and May) and fall (October and November). The weather is mostly clear; the nights are cool and days are moderate. It is an ideal condition for traveling or hiking around.

c. Mountains

A chain of mountains called the Central Mountains runs nearly the whole length of half Taiwan. Mount Jade being the highest peak at 3,952 meters is the highest mountain and very famous in midland.

Mount Yang Min is a popular place for admire the flower in spring and hot spring in winter. Government planed 20 mountains of hill footpath In Taipei city. Many citizens like climb.

d. Lakes

Sun moon Lake is the country’s lake, the shape like sun and moon. Many people holiday at Lake Sun Moon, and enjoy summer swimming.

e. Rivers

Taiwan has 151 rivers and streams. The Jhuoshuei River濁水溪 is the longest (186 km),from Nantou to Yunlin雲林 counties. Danshuei River is flows for 159 km from Taipei to the Taoyuan counties. Many people holiday at Danshuei and enjoy ferry and shopping. The Central Mountains are the major watershed for Taiwan's rivers and streams; thus, most rivers in Taiwan flow in either an easterly or westerly direction. They are short and steep, especially on the eastern side of the island, and become torrential during heavy rainstorms, carrying heavy loads of mud and silt. The riverbeds tend to be wide and shallow, making them difficult to manage and develop as water resources.

f. Population and Ethnic groups

Taiwan has a large population for its land size, with over 23 billion people in 2007. There are currently 12 major indigenous peoples that total number of indigenous people in Taiwan about 435,000 in Taiwan. Many indigenous people live in mountainous reservations, which cannot be sold to non-aborigines.

i. Towns and cities

            Most people live in towns and cities in the lowland areas of the country. About three- quarters of the population is in the northern. From north to south, the main cities of Taiwan are Taipei, Taichung, Kaohsiung. Taipei is the largest and fastest growing city in Taiwan.


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